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What Are the Different Types of Dental Implants?

Man holding a teeth sample made out of plaster cast-1The decision to makeover your smile with dental implants isn’t always an easy one. If you are unfamiliar with process, a dental implant is simply a fake tooth attached to your gum and/or jaw. The new tooth is then brushed and cared for just like your natural teeth. For many people, this is an ideal alternative to tradition dentures or replacing missing teeth.

Modern dental implants are much safer and comfortable than past options. However, it is still important to understand the difference between the two types available: endosteal and subperiosteal. Here’s what you need to know about each kind.

What Are Endosteal Dental Implants?

Endosteal dental implants are the most common option used in dentistry today. Usually made from titanium and shaped like small screws, they are placed in the jawbone through a special surgical process. Temporary teeth are placed over the implant during the first phase to give a healthy smile from the beginning. After the mouth heals, a second procedure happens to install the permanent crown in place.

In most cases, this is the best type of implant for many patients, including those who opt to undergo bone grafting procedures to augment the jaw. However, those with bone problems or unhealthy jaw structures are often discouraged from utilizing endosteal implants.

What Are Subperiosteal Dental Implants?

Another option for improving your smile is subperiosteal dental implants. Instead of using small screws, these implants are placed under the gum but above the bone as part of a metal framework. They are much more visible, but often the best choice for those who have bone problems or cannot undergo more evasive dental procedures.

The subperiosteal procedure is usually single-stage without a second follow-up appointment. It is also used in situations where patients want to anchor a full set of dentures instead of undergoing the dental implant process.

Which Type of Dental Implant is Best?

Ultimately, the decision to choose a dental implant depends on your exact needs and oral health. Endosteal dental implants are often the ideal option for those who want a natural-looking smile, while subperiosteal implants are sometimes better for certain patients.

The only real way to determine which option is best for you is to speak with your Texas dentist. At your initial consultation appointment, your dental history is reviewed in great detail. From there, x-rays are usually taken to determine the strength of the bone and learn whether or not you’re an ideal candidate for endosteal or subperiosteal dental implants.


While these are the two most common types of dental implants available, they aren’t the only options out there. Your best option is to have a serious discussion with your dentist to determine your smile goals and find the method that's right for you.

Are you ready to change the look of your smile? Looking to increase your confidence and enjoy a healthy set of teeth? Contact our Northwest Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery team today to schedule an appointment.

Learn more about dental implants

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